Vitamins are essential nutrients that are not used to power the body, but they are need to maintain proper function and growth of the body. There are thirteen essential vitamins divided into two categories: Fat-soluble and Water soluble. Vitamins help your immunity, eyesight, maintaining healthy bone structure, heal, metabolism etc. When there is a deficiency of vitamins you might feel fatigued, your body is vulnerable to infections (for example common colds) and so on.
As we mentioned the vitamins are divided into two large subcategories: Fat soluble and Water soluble.
There are four Fat-soluble vitamins: A (Group of compounds: Retinol, Retinal, Retinoic Acid, and provitamin A carotenoids), K (Phylloquinone, Menaquinones), E (Tocopherols, tocotrienols ), D (Cholecalciferol, Ergocalciferol). They are stored in fat cells for up to six months.
Water-soluble vitamins circulate through your blood stream and they are not stored so they have to be replenished on a daily basis. Water-soluble vitamins include the B-complex (B-6, B-12, thiamine, niacin, pantothenic acid, biotin, folate, and riboflavin) and Vitamin C.
Functions of the Vitamins
Vitamins play vital role in the body. Each of them has a specific function, but every single one of them is needed to maintain vital body. Vitamin A is found in orange, red and yellow fruits and vegetables. It supports the eyesight, immune function, bone and teeth, skin. B-complex vitamins help the metabolism, Central and peripheral nervous system, hormone function. Vitamin C is crucial in the fight against the Flu and common colds. Another very important role of Vitamin C is to support absorption of the mineral Iron. Vitamin D boosts the absorption of Calcium which promotes healthy bone structure and teeth. Vitamin E works with Vitamin K which is part of the cascade system for blood clotting. Vitamin E also helps to maintain the function of the reproductive system.
Vitamin Deficiencies is unnecessary health risk because, taking them is easy, the consequences of avoiding them are huge! Hearth diseases, cancer, osteoporosis are only a few of the illness that thrive when the Vitamin levels drop. Without Vitamin C the body can’t produce collagen and after some time people develop scurvy. Scurvy is a characterized by red spots on the skin, swollen gums and muscle and joint pain. Without proper nutrition filled with Vitamin D children develop different bone deformations followed by poor growth and autoimmune diseases.
Food reach in nutrients, balanced intake of fresh vegetables, fruits, fairy, whole grains meat and fish has enough vitamins to cover our daily needs. Vitamins from food is optimal for our body because it is easier for our body to absorb them. On the other hand getting more than enough vitamins through supplements may cause problems.
More from Nutrition
https://www.usatoday.com/videos/news/2017/06/19/experts-coconut-oil-has-never-been-healthy/103005748/ The American Heart Association recently released a report advising against the use of coconut oil. The Dietary Fats and Cardiovascular Disease …
I was vegetarian for four years of my life, during high school and a couple of years of college. And …